Info Service on WTO and Trade Issues (Dec15/11)
17 December 2015
Third World Network
Rights expert calls for concrete outcomes on food security
Published in SUNS #8157 dated 16 December 2015
Geneva, 15 Dec (Kanaga Raja) -- The United Nations Special Rapporteur
on the right to food, Ms Hilal Elver, has underlined that trade rules
"must be shaped around the food security policies that developing
countries need, rather than policies having to tiptoe around WTO rules".
In a press release issued here on 15 December, just as the World Trade
Organisation's tenth Ministerial Conference gets underway in Nairobi,
Kenya, Ms Elver of Turkey urged the trade ministers to deepen their
commitments to fulfilling the strong development mandate of the current
round of trade negotiations.
"Supporting local food production is the first building block
on the road to realizing the right to adequate food and nutrition,
and trade must complement local production, not justify its abandonment,"
"Reforms to the WTO's agriculture rules are urgently needed if
progress toward the right to adequate food is to be realized,"
the expert said.
She noted that negotiations had been stalled since 2008, and until
2013, negotiations in Bali, Indonesia generated progress on a limited
set of development issues, including trade facilitation.
Negotiators have since failed to agree on a post-Bali plan of work,
and developed countries have refused to make good on the promise to
resolve conflicts over developing country programs that involve public
food stockholding for food security purposes.
Such programs are being used by a large number of countries in Africa,
Asia and Latin America.
"Public stockholding programs constitute the first line of defense
for developing countries against price shocks, production volatility,
and food insecurity," the rights expert said.
She stressed the need to find a permanent solution to the issue, calling
it vital for the food security needs of developing countries.
The expert also called upon developed countries to re-consider their
position on the G-33 proposal, saying that, "non-resolution of
the permanent solution to the public stockholding program would be
in bad faith, given the commitment that all countries made to resolve
this in Bali and the meetings thereafter."
"Such programs are entirely justified and desperately needed
if governments are to meet their obligations to ensure food security
for everyone," the Special Rapporteur emphasised.
The rights expert expressed grave concern over the calls by some negotiators
to cease negotiations on the Doha Development Agenda.
"A handful of developed countries should not be allowed to block
the Doha Round, which is not just a set of issues but a set of principles
and a negotiating framework that emerged after more than a decade
of stalled negotiations," Ms Elver said.
She referred to calls to end the Doha Round by a handful of countries
as "profoundly troubling."
"More than a hundred developing countries have expressed the
need to continue the Doha Round, which must be respected," the
Backing the demands of the developing countries, she said that, "the
agriculture negotiations should not be limited to just new rules to
restrict export subsidies, as such subsidies do not represent the
most important form of trade distorting agricultural support."
According to the press release, in this context, the Special Rapporteur
also noted that global crop prices have fallen significantly and are
projected to stay low in the coming years.
"This can reduce food costs for the poor, but if agricultural
policies in developed countries support over-production and the dumping
of below-cost goods on developing country markets, as they did in
the late 1990s and early 2000s, food security will suffer as poor
farmers are unable to compete with those subsidized imports,"
"This will hamper efforts by developing country governments to
increase domestic food production, particularly by smallholder farmers
whose families are among the world's hungry," the rights expert
She also re-affirmed that the negotiations should result in steep
cuts in farm supports of developed countries as envisaged in the negotiations
"All countries must respect the needs of the Least Developed
Countries and move beyond mere rhetoric, to address their concerns,
with quantifiable outcomes," the Special Rapporteur said. +