Info Service on WTO and Trade Issues (Dec12/05)
19 December 2012
Third World Network
LDCs seek indefinite extension of transition period under TRIPS
Published in SUNS #7477 dated 12 November 2012
Geneva, 9 Nov (Kanaga Raja) -- The Least Developed Countries (LDCs)
have submitted a "duly motivated" request to the WTO TRIPS
Council for an extension of the transition period for them to comply
with the TRIPS Agreement "for as long as the WTO Member remains
a least developed country".
A proposed draft decision annexed to their request states that: "Least
developed country Members shall not be required to apply the provisions
of the Agreement, other than Articles 3, 4 and 5, until they cease
to be a least developed country Member."
The request was submitted by Haiti, on behalf of the LDCs, at a meeting
of the TRIPS Council on 6-7 November.
According to trade officials, since the request was submitted under
"Other Business", no discussion took place on this issue.
In introducing its request, Haiti asked for this issue to be put on
the agenda of the next TRIPS Council meeting (scheduled to take place
The request for the extension of the transitional period is under
Article 66.1 of the TRIPS Agreement.
Article 66.1 states that: "In view of the special needs and requirements
of least-developed country Members, their economic, financial and
administrative constraints, and their need for flexibility to create
a viable technological base, such Members shall not be required to
apply the provisions of this Agreement, other than Articles 3, 4 and
5, for a period of 10 years from the date of application as defined
under paragraph 1 of Article 65. The Council for TRIPS shall, upon
duly motivated request by a least-developed country Member, accord
extensions of this period."
The exemption had been due to expire end-December 2005, but the transition
period was extended by the TRIPS Council (through a decision contained
in IP/C/40) until 1 July 2013.
At the eighth WTO Ministerial Conference (MC8) held in Geneva last
December, Ministers decided to invite the TRIPS Council "to give
full consideration to a duly motivated request from Least-Developed
Country Members for an extension of their transition period under
Article 66.1 of the TRIPS Agreement, and report thereon to the WTO
Ninth Ministerial Conference."
The ninth Ministerial Conference is scheduled to take place in Bali,
Indonesia, in December 2013.
According to the request submitted by the LDCs to the TRIPS Council,
the least developed country Members of the WTO represent the poorest
and weakest segment of the international community.
"The economies of least developed country Members are extremely
vulnerable, with large segments of their population living in poverty.
They also face numerous challenges such as high burdens of infectious
and non-infectious disease, low literacy, inadequate access to clean
water and sanitation, low agricultural productivity, environmental
and climate-related challenges."
Noting that the situation of LDCs has not changed significantly since
the last extension decision in 2005, the LDC request said that the
LDCs continue to play a very marginal role in the world economy, and
their growing integration in the global market has been accompanied
by very limited advances (if any) in their relative position compared
with the rest of the world.
"From a long-term perspective, the marginalisation of LDCs is
in many ways worse than in the early 1970s. More generally LDCs have
not been able to develop their productive capacities and have not
beneficially integrated with the world economy," stressed Haiti.
"Least developed countries' productive capacity is limited, they
have serious infrastructure deficits and are lagging behind in critical
areas, which are key drivers for transformation and have great potential
to change the development landscape of least developed countries if
developed and harnessed properly," the submission further noted.
Haiti underlined that least developed countries "have not been
able to move beyond out-dated technologies that characterise their
production processes and outputs although acquiring new technologies
and building domestic capacity and knowledge base to be able to fully
utilise acquired technologies and promoting indigenous capacity on
a sustainable basis for research and development are needed to enhance
the productive capacities in least developed countries."
Noting that the TRIPS Council, through its decision IP/C/40 on 29
November 2005, extended the transition period for least developed
country Members under Article 66.1 of the TRIPS Agreement until 1
July 2013, Haiti said that the LDC Members of the WTO "continue
to face serious economic, financial and administrative constraints
and need maximum flexibility to create a sound and viable technological
"Developing a viable technological base is a long-term process.
Given the increasing complexity of modern industrial practices, least
developed country Members need a continuing waiver from TRIPS in order
to be able to grow economically viable industrial and technological
sectors, to consolidate capacity, and to work their way up the technological
Moreover, Haiti underscored that because of their extreme poverty,
least developed country Members need the policy space to access various
technologies, educational resources, and other tools necessary for
development. Most IP-protected commodities are simply priced beyond
the purchasing power of least developed country Members and their
nationals, it added.
"In view of the impossibility of determining when individual
LDCs will be able to overcome the constraints that prevent them from
creating a viable technological base, the transition period should
remain in force while the Member is considered a least developed country
in the WTO," Haiti concluded.
The proposed draft TRIPS Council decision on the extension of the
transition period for LDCs, which has been annexed to Haiti's request,
is as follows:
"The Council for Trade-Related Aspects of Intellectual Property
Rights (the "Council for TRIPS"),
"Having regard to paragraph 1 of Article 66 of the TRIPS Agreement
"Recalling that, unless extended, the transition period granted
to least developed country Members under Article 66.1 of the Agreement
will expire on 1 July 2013;
"Having regard to the request from least developed country Members
of the World Trade Organization (the "WTO"), dated 5 November
2012, for an extension of their transition period under Article 66.1
of the Agreement contained in document IP/C/W/583;
"Recognizing the special needs and requirements of least developed
country Members, the economic, financial and administrative constraints
that they continue to face, and their need for flexibility to create
a viable technological base;
"Recognizing that Article 66.1 of the TRIPS Agreement provides
that the Council for TRIPS "shall, upon duly motivated request
by a least developed country Member, accord extensions of this period";
"Decides as follows:
"Least developed country Members shall not be required to apply
the provisions of the Agreement, other than Articles 3, 4 and 5, until
they cease to be a least developed country Member." +