Issue No. 275 (July 2013)

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COVER: The TPPA: A threat to national sovereignty and development

And then there were twelve
The origins and evolution of the TPPA
US participation and its subsequent hegemonic role in the later negotiations of this group resulted not only in an expansion of its membership but also in the setting of an agenda for what critics charge is a 'corporate charter'.
By T Rajamoorthy

The elephant in the room: The geopolitics of the TPPA
Criticising the leaders of her native New Zealand for their myopia in treating the TPPA as a depoliticised international agreement, the writer argues that China is the ultimate target of every major US proposal in this 'new-generation, twenty-first-century agreement'.
By Jane Kelsey

The TPPA: Some contentious issues for developing countries
Although the TPPA talks are shrouded in secrecy, it is possible to ascertain some of its main issues from leaked drafts and previous free trade agreements negotiated by the US. 
By Martin Khor

Covert partnership deal has huge destructive potential
Two leading US activists charge that 'the secrecy of the TPPA process represents a massive assault on the principles and practice of democratic governance'.
By Lori Wallach and Ben Beachy

New threat to state's economic role
The economically successful developing countries are characterised as having a strong 'developmental state'.  But this role of the state is coming under attack in new trade agreements such as the TPPA.
By Martin Khor

Privileging investors over the public interest
One of the most troubling aspects of the TPPA is its investment chapter which contains highly controversial provisions (dubbed 'investor-state dispute settlement' or ISDS) empowering an investor to sue the host state. 
By Fauwaz Abdul Aziz

The Trans-Pacific Partnership Agreement and capital flows
It would appear that countries signing on to the TPPA will be seriously constrained in exercising controls over the inflow and outflow of capital.
By Michael Mah-Hui Lim

Trading away the health of millions
If the US demands on intellectual property rules under the TPPA are accepted, they could severely restrict access to affordable, life-saving medicines for millions.

The new chessboard
The former chief negotiator for Chile in the TPPA negotiations provides a Latin American perspective on the talks and stresses the need to conduct negotiations 'carefully and firmly to protect the national and regional interest'.
By Rodrigo Contreras


The Sen-Bhagwati 'debate' on economic policy in India
The recent debate on public policy in India between two well-known economists was timely, taking place at a time when the Indian economy has slowed sharply. But the issues raised have a relevance beyond the sub-continent.
By Jayati Ghosh


US arms industry would lose big from Egypt aid cut-off
The refusal of the US, as the main arms supplier, to cut off military aid to the Egyptian armed forces in the face of their coup against a lawfully elected government has drawn widespread outrage. What is often ignored is that there are powerful forces opposed to such an aid cut-off.
By Thalif Deen

Colombia: Killing peasant farmers for their land
The root of Colombia's conflict lies in land ownership and the state's penchant for selling off peasant land to multinational mining corporations is what is fuelling Latin America's longest civil war.
By Ellie Mae O'Hagan

The moment the US ended Iran's brief experiment in democracy
August marks the 60th anniversary of the overthrow of Iran's democratically elected Prime Minister Mohammad Mossadegh by a CIA and Western-backed coup which restored the absolutist rule of the Shah.  The motives behind the coup and its far-reaching implications are explained.
By Robert Scheer


Killing in the name of Buddhism
What is behind Buddhist monks inciting attacks on Muslim communities in Myanmar?
By Tom Fawthrop


Guatemala: 'Femicide' courts hold out new hope for justice
The establishment in the Central American state of Guatemala, the country with the highest number of killings of women in the region, of a special court to try cases of femicide is a necessary if only a first step forward.
By Danilo Valladares


Going beyond organic: Agroecology as the next step
Why agroecology is an emerging alternative in sustainable agriculture.
By Nina Somera


Why Britain does not revolt
Britain appears to be remarkably quiescent in the face of a regime of austerity imposed during one of its longest recessions.
By Jeremy Seabrook


Music as social inclusion shines in Salzburg
A youth choir which included dozens of disabled youngsters and made its debut at the recent Salzburg Festival provided moving testimony of Venezuela's bold efforts to combine musical education and social inclusion.
By Humberto Marquez

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