TWN Info Service on Climate Change (Oct07/01)
26 October 2007
Ministerial meeting for several countries was held in
Indonesian environment and development groups issued a statement to
the Ministers at the
joint NGO statement stressed their concerns on "climate justice"
and the need for the
The following is the statement.
The Informal Ministerial Meeting on Climate Change
24 – 26 October 2007
Honourable Ministers, distinguished delegates, Ladies and gentlemen
representatives of some Indonesian NGOs, including a coalition of NGOs
Many developing countries face the same situation. Who is going to ameliorate the sufferings of these affected countries and people? Clearly, there is a need for a fund for reconstruction, which goes beyond that for adaptation. This is an issue of development and human rights, and that of humanitarian assistance, which goes beyond the charity notions of aid. The answer to this question is that those countries with the greatest responsibility for historical and continuing greenhouse gas emissions who have sufficient wealth that defines their capacity to act.
Hence, for a post 2012 regime, there has to be agreement on the "burden-sharing" principles between the North and South in avoiding climate catastrophe.
Action between now and then must also be governed by the principles of historical responsibility and the capacity to act.
An important issue is whether and how we can find a sustainable development pathway for developing countries that includes not only a climate protection pathway, but also a pathway to improve the living standards of our people and to alleviate poverty within an ecological framework, and enables new policies for agriculture, industry, trade and finance.
For this, mitigation efforts must be integrally linked to the design of the development pathway. Hence, the following issues are critical –
* The need for coherence in policies at both the international and national levels. In relation to the international level, policy coherence is critical in the WTO, IMF and the World Bank with the fulfillment human civil, politics, economics, social, and cultural rights as well as with the climate change regime and sustainable development. Coherence should be around sustainable development and climate change and not around trade. This also requires coherence in developed country policies as well.
Instead of advancing such coherence, mercantilist policies are being pursued through the international financial institutions with aid conditionalities, and in the WTO and Free Trade Agreements to open up the economies of the developing countries that undermine sustainable development.
How can developing countries put priority in integrating climate change into national policies when international policies and measures exacerbate poverty and inequity, including through the displacement of small farms and firms and loss of access over natural resources to powerful foreign corporations? Such so-called 'free trade' policies enhance climate vulnerability as the poor lack the resources to adapt or be resilient to climatic changes.
* There is a need to solve the problem of odious debts of developing countries. The payments of these debts have long been done by damaging natural resources and social support systems of communities leaving them vulnerable to the impacts of climate change.
* Moreover, for developing countries to undertake a mitigation pathway that enables the rapid domestic deployment of climate friendly technologies, requires changes to the way in which technology transfer is managed and governed. Many of us in the south, believe that there cannot be a strict requirement to comply with intellectual property rights that profits monopolies if we are to succeed. We must find a way to breakdown the barriers to rapid deployment of clean technologies that the poor can afford.
* It is also fundamental to undertake lifestyle changes especially in the North and among the elites of the South at the expenses of natural resources and majority of poor populations. We cannot afford to maintain the position that the lifestyles of the rich are not up for negotiation. We have to live simply so that others can simply live!
* In relation to the technology options for mitigation, we have very serious concerns over nuclear energy, genetically modified trees, carbon capture and storage and biofuels for environmental and safety reasons. We consider that these are not ways out to combat global warming, but endangering environment and poor populations.
We therefore appeal to governments of the North to seriously address
these matters. We also appeal to the Southern leaders to begin to take
the necessary steps for a post
Honourable ministers and distinguished delegates, civil society is closely watching the Bali meeting, hoping that you world leaders will really launch negotiations for a post-2012 frameworkthat will end in 2009, for a more just and climate friendly world including for Bali, the island of paradise where UNFCCC meeting will be held, whose existence and the existence of its communities are threatened by climate change. Once again, the issues at stake are justice and development for the poor!
Chalid Muhammad/Farah Sofa
of the Earth
On Behalf of
* Aliansi Masyarakat Adat Nusantara (AMAN)
* Bali Climate Change (collaboration of Bali Organic Association,
PPLH, Walhi Bali Chapter, Yayasan Wisnu)
Federasi Serikat Petani
* Greenpeace South East Asia
* Indonesian Centre for Environmental Law (ICEL)
* Indonesian People's Forum (IPF).
* Institut Hukum Sumber Daya Alam (IHSA)
* Institute for Essential Services Reform (IESR)
* Jaringan Advokasi Tambang (JATAM)
* Lembaga Alam Tropika Nasional (LATIN)
Masyarakat Penanggulangan Bencana
* RACA Institute
* Satu Dunia
* Sawit Watch
* Solidaritas Perempuan
* The Foundation of Indonesian Institute of Energy Economics (IIEE)
* The Indonesian Biodiversity Foundation (Yayasan KEHATI)
* TIFA Foundation
WALHI/Friends of the Earth
* World Wild Fund for Nature (WWF)
* Yayasan Kelompok Masyarakat Pengelola Sumberdaya Alam (KEMALA)
* Yayasan Pembangunan Berkelanjutan (YPB)