TWN Info Service on Climate Change (Oct07/01)

26 October 2007

Climate Change Ministerial in Bogor:
Indonesian NGOs call for development pathway and fair burden sharing

A Ministerial meeting for several countries was held in Bogor, Indonesia, on 24-26 October as a preparation for the Bali meetings of the UN Convention on Climate Change in December.

30 Indonesian environment and development groups issued a statement to the Ministers at the Bogor meeting.  The statement was read out to the Ministers at the meeting.

The joint NGO statement stressed their concerns on "climate justice" and the need for the Bali meeting to adopt principles based on fair burden sharing as between North and South.  It also called for more clarity on "development pathways" that must be linked to mitigation, and for coherent global economic policies to enable climate-friendly policies to be implemented.

The following is the statement.

With best wishes
Martin Khor

Statement of Indonesian NGOs to pre-Bali UNFCCC ministerial meeting
Statement of Nongovernmental Organizations


The Informal Ministerial Meeting on Climate Change

Bogor, Indonesia

24 26 October 2007

Honourable Ministers, distinguished delegates, Ladies and gentlemen

We, representatives of some Indonesian NGOs, including a coalition of NGOs in Bali concerned about climate change issues would like to share our concerns about climate justice. Indeed Indonesia is an example of a country is already and will be a victim of climate change. We have been accused of damaging our forests that are important for the global community, yet Indonesia is being eyed as a long-term source of raw materials for the aggressive growth of the global industrial complex with no due regard to the recurrent catastrophes and threat to sustainability of our communities.

Many developing countries face the same situation. Who is going to ameliorate the sufferings of these affected countries and people? Clearly, there is a need for a fund for reconstruction, which goes beyond that for adaptation. This is an issue of development and human rights, and that of humanitarian assistance, which goes beyond the charity notions of aid. The answer to this question is that those countries with the greatest responsibility for historical and continuing greenhouse gas emissions who have sufficient wealth that defines their capacity to act.

Hence, for a post 2012 regime, there has to be agreement on the "burden-sharing" principles between the North and South in avoiding climate catastrophe.

Action between now and then must also be governed by the principles of historical responsibility and the capacity to act.

An important issue is whether and how we can find a sustainable development pathway for developing countries that includes not only a climate protection pathway, but also a pathway to improve the living standards of our people and to alleviate poverty within an ecological framework, and enables new policies for agriculture, industry, trade and finance.

For this, mitigation efforts must be integrally linked to the design of the development pathway. Hence, the following issues are critical

* The need for coherence in policies at both the international and national levels. In relation to the international level, policy coherence is critical in the WTO, IMF and the World Bank with the fulfillment human civil, politics, economics, social, and cultural rights as well as with the climate change regime and sustainable development. Coherence should be around sustainable development and climate change and not around trade. This also requires coherence in developed country policies as well.

Instead of advancing such coherence, mercantilist policies are being pursued through the international financial institutions with aid conditionalities, and in the WTO and Free Trade Agreements to open up the economies of the developing countries that undermine sustainable development.

How can developing countries put priority in integrating climate change into national policies when international policies and measures exacerbate poverty and inequity, including through the displacement of small farms and firms and loss of access over natural resources to powerful foreign corporations? Such so-called 'free trade' policies enhance climate vulnerability as the poor lack the resources to adapt or be resilient to climatic changes.

* There is a need to solve the problem of odious debts of developing countries. The payments of these debts have long been done by damaging natural resources and social support systems of communities leaving them vulnerable to the impacts of climate change.

* Moreover, for developing countries to undertake a mitigation pathway that enables the rapid domestic deployment of climate friendly technologies, requires changes to the way in which technology transfer is managed and governed. Many of us in the south, believe that there cannot be a strict requirement to comply with intellectual property rights that profits monopolies if we are to succeed. We must find a way to breakdown the barriers to rapid deployment of clean technologies that the poor can afford.

* It is also fundamental to undertake lifestyle changes especially in the North and among the elites of the South at the expenses of natural resources and majority of poor populations. We cannot afford to maintain the position that the lifestyles of the rich are not up for negotiation. We have to live simply so that others can simply live!

* In relation to the technology options for mitigation, we have very serious concerns over nuclear energy, genetically modified trees, carbon capture and storage and biofuels for environmental and safety reasons. We consider that these are not ways out to combat global warming, but endangering environment and poor populations.

* We therefore appeal to governments of the North to seriously address these matters. We also appeal to the Southern leaders to begin to take the necessary steps for a post Kyoto framework, recognizing that this requires fundamental changes in the South and in the North.

Honourable ministers and distinguished delegates, civil society is closely watching the Bali meeting, hoping that you world leaders will really launch negotiations for a post-2012 frameworkthat will end in 2009, for a more just and climate friendly world including for Bali, the island of paradise where UNFCCC meeting will be held, whose existence and the existence of its communities are threatened by climate change. Once again, the issues at stake are justice and development for the poor!


Read by

Chalid Muhammad/Farah Sofa

Friends of the Earth Indonesia (Walhi)

On Behalf of

* Aliansi Masyarakat Adat Nusantara (AMAN)

* Bali Climate Change (collaboration of Bali Organic Association,

PPLH, Walhi Bali Chapter, Yayasan Wisnu)

* CUSO Indonesia

* Federasi Serikat Petani Indonesia

* Forest Watch Indonesia (FWI)

* GEF SGP Indonesia

* Greenpeace South East Asia

* Indonesian Centre for Environmental Law (ICEL)

* Indonesian People's Forum (IPF).

* Institut Hukum Sumber Daya Alam (IHSA)

* Institute for Essential Services Reform (IESR)

* Jaringan Advokasi Tambang (JATAM)

* Lembaga Alam Tropika Nasional (LATIN)

* Masyarakat Penanggulangan Bencana Indonesia (MPBI).


* RACA Institute

* Satu Dunia

* Sawit Watch

* Sekretariat Bersama Indonesia Berseru (SBIB)

* Solidaritas Perempuan


* The Foundation of Indonesian Institute of Energy Economics (IIEE)

* The Indonesian Biodiversity Foundation (Yayasan KEHATI)

* TIFA Foundation

* WALHI/Friends of the Earth Indonesia

* World Wild Fund for Nature (WWF)

* Yayasan Burung Indonesia

* Yayasan Kelompok Masyarakat Pengelola Sumberdaya Alam (KEMALA)

* Yayasan Pelangi Indonesia (PELANGI)

* Yayasan Pembangunan Berkelanjutan (YPB)