TWN Info Service on Climate Change (Sept13/03)
20 September 2013
Third World Network  

Advisory Board of Climate Technology Centre approves criteria for membership of network

Geneva, 20 September (Meena Raman) -The second meeting of the Advisory Board of the United Nations Framework Convention and Climate Change (UNFCCC)’s Climate Technology Centre and Network (CTCN) has approved the principles and criteria for membership to the Climate Technology Network (CTN). It has also approved the principles and criteria for the prioritization of requests from developing countries.

The AB also approved the work programme of the CTCN and members were informed that USD22 million has been committed by donors to carry out its work, while another USD78 million is still required for the next 5 years. 

The Advisory Board (AB) met in Bonn, Germany from 9-11 September, 2013. This was its 2nd meeting, with its first meeting held earlier in May this year in Copenhagen, Denmark. It is chaired by Griffin Thompson (United States) and Fred Onduri  (Uganda) is the Vice-chair.

(The CTCN is a consortium led by the United Nations Environment Programme [UNEP] in collaboration with the United Nations Industrial Development Organization [UNIDO] with the support of 11 centres, which are located both in developing and developed countries. It is the operational arm of the UNFCCC Technology Mechanism, with the policy arm being the Technology Executive Committee (TEC). The UNFCCC meeting in Doha 2012, selected UNEP as host for the CTCN and UNEP decided to place the Centre in Copenhagen. The AB of the CTCN provides the strategic direction and advice to make the CTCN deliver concrete results in the field of climate technology facilitation.)

Climate Technology Network (CTN)

Following from the decision in Durban (decision 2/CP.17), the CTCN will consist of: (a) A Climate Technology Centre (CTC) and (b) a Climate Technology Network (CTN) with the participation of the relevant institutions capable of responding to requests from developing country Parties related to technology development and transfer. The decision further provided that the members of the CTN will be designated in accordance with a set of criteria approved by the Advisory Board (AB) of the CTCN.

Following discussions of the AB meeting in Bonn, the criteria for the network membership was agreed to as follows:

On the ‘Guiding Operational Principles’ -

i. Have one of the following institutional structures: national technology centre or institution; regional climate technology centre or network; intergovernmental, international, regional or sector organization, partnership or initiative that contributes to technology deployment and transfer; or research, academic, financial, non- governmental, private sector or public sector organization, partnership or initiative. NDEs are de facto members of the CTN.

a. use of appropriate technical capacity and competence
b. accessibility of and proximity to the CTN Members
c. CTN Members provide value for money, where applicable, and
d. relevance of the experience of the CTN Member  to the request.

ii. Membership in the CTN is merit based and time-bound. Prospective Members will need to demonstrate their expertise and commit to the CTN Code of   Conduct in applying for CTN membership.
iii. CTN Members are expected to be active in the CTN, both in activities initiated by the CTC as well as through other forms of collaboration, in particular in support of the developing country NDEs. The CTC will monitor all activities of CTN Members that have been undertaken on behalf of the CTC, including  communicating with NDEs on their interactions with all CTN Members.

iv. The CTC is mandated to develop the CTN gradually over time to allow a diversity of organizations, initiatives and networks to become CTN Members, and further develop the CTN taking into consideration inter alia the requests posed by developing country party NDEs and the experience accumulated in developed country NDEs.

As regards the membership criteria, all CTN members:

i. Have one of the following institutional structures: national technology centre or institution; regional climate technology centre or network; intergovernmental, international, regional or sector organization, partnership or initiative that contributes to technology deployment and transfer; or research,  academic, financial, non- governmental, private sector or public sector organization, partnership or initiative. NDEs are de facto members of the CTN.

ii. Have a demonstrated capability in initiatives aimed at development, transfer and deployment of climate technologies applicable for developing countries,     including expertise in policy, capacity building and /or investment.

iii. Have demonstrated operational and organizational stability, as evidenced by financial, human and other resources relative to their mandate and size, that    could reasonably be deemed sufficient to deliver the organization’s mandate.

iv. Not have any pending judicial processes or past convictions for malpractice and /or fraud, and

v. Pledge to comply with the CTCN Code of Conduct.

Criteria for prioritising requests from countries

The AB also discussed the criteria for prioritising requests from countries. On the ‘guiding principles’, the Director of the CTC is to ensure that all requests for assistance approved by the CTCN demonstrate that: (i) the support provided will contribute to increased resilience and /or mitigate emissions, and is aligned with national plans; (ii) the support will enhance endogenous capacities; and (iii) processes are in place in the requesting country to monitor and evaluate any support provided (that is, project accountability is ensured).

In addition, with the aim of achieving a balanced and equitable portfolio, the CTC Director has to ensure that priority is given to requests that bring about: (i) inter and intra-regional equity, with a preference for requests submitted by LDCs and other highly vulnerable and low capacity countries; (ii) a balance of technological-related activities covering both adaptation and mitigation; and (iii) a balance of technological related activities spanning the technology cycle.

On the prioritization criteria, in determining which requests to support, it was decided that the CTC Director shall prioritize projects that:

a) Promote endogenous and most appropriate technologies and processes;
b) Demonstrate “project readiness” and the potential for replication or scaling up nationally, regionally, and internationally;
c) Promote collaboration amongst and between stakeholders, including between countries, and having elements of South – South, bilateral, or multilateral        cooperation;
d) Promote multi-country approaches and the regional bundling of requests;
e) Leverage public and/or private financing;
f) Promote and demonstrate multiple benefits, as well as social, economic, and environmental sustainability; and
g) Promote and demonstrate gender equality, and empowerment of vulnerable groups, including women and youth.

Programme of work

Also discussed at the AB meeting was the CTCN’s programme of work. The CTCN will provide three core services to developing countries: It will respond to requests for technical assistance; it will build local capacity and networks; and it will increase information flows and knowledge sharing about technology choices. A number of activities will be carried out to this effect over the next five years; NDE training and networking workshops, conferences involving academia, research institutions, NGOs, and the private sector, technical assistance assignments, a continuously serviced Knowledge Management System; and requests attended through a helpdesk service. 

According to CTCN’s programme of work, “the CTC will not provide large amounts of funds but is establishing procedures that will allow fast and flexible delivery of support, which for many countries will facilitate larger scale action. Roughly 75% of the indicative USD 100 million budget will go toward technical assistance that is provided in response to country requests, with slightly over 5% going to outreach and networking and a similar amount to knowledge management, peer learning, and capacity building. Costs covering core and (eventually) regional centre operations would require roughly 13% of the budget.” 

“The budget envisages a gradual increase in activity levels over time for some of the services, whereas others can go at full speed from the outset. Approximately 20 % of the estimated funds have already been committed by various donors, leaving the CTCN with a current funding need of some USD78 million for the next 5 years.”