TWN Info Service on Climate Change (Sept11/05)
15 September 2011
Third World Network
Meeting of Green Fund design committee ends with roadmap
Published in SUNS #7218 dated 15 September 2011
Geneva, 14 Sep (Meena Raman) - The third meeting
of the Transitional Committee (TC) to design the Green Climate Fund
(GCF) under the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change
(UNFCCC) ended in Geneva with the adoption of a roadmap that sets out
the process for the preparation and adoption of a draft report of the
Committee for the 17th meeting of the Conference of Parties (COP) to
be held in Durban, South Africa, late November this year.
The fourth and final meeting of the TC is to be
held in Cape Town, South
Africa, from 16-17 October, where the
members will consider and adopt the draft report, which will include
any operational documents that the TC deems appropriate for the approval
of the COP.
Given the strong and divergent views among TC
members on several key aspects in the design of the GCF and with only
two negotiating days set for the final meeting in Cape
Town, some members of the TC from developing
countries have expressed grave concerns over the process for the drafting
of the final report.
Ms. Bernarditas Mueller of the Philippines stressed
the need for a transparent and inclusive process that will ensure a
The 40-member TC was mandated by the decision
in Cancun last year to develop operational documents according
to its terms of reference for the design of the GCF and make recommendations
for the COP's approval.
For the meeting in Geneva,
the Co-chairs and Vice-chairs of the TC had prepared a "Draft outline
of the report" which contained various elements.
From the start of the meeting on 11 September
till the morning of the final day (on 13 September), TC members had
intense discussions on five key issues: (i) the relationship between
the GCF and the COP; (ii) legal status of the GCF; (iii) the establishment
of an independent secretariat including the selection of its head; (iv)
the use of funding windows; and (v) engagement of the private sector.
There were major disagreements among TC
members in several key areas as in the relationship between the GCF
and the COP, the legal status of the GCF and the engagement of the private
sector. (See TWN Information Service on Climate Change, #Sept11/03 dated
12 September 2011 and #Sept11/04 7217 dated 13 September 2011).
The Co-chairs, Vice-chairs and Co-facilitators
(of four work-streams) presented a document in the afternoon on their
"reflections", which they said was "based on the work
done in previous sessions, discussions held and submissions presented".
The document states that "it reflects
areas that would be included in the final outcome of the TC and, to
the extent possible, provides guidance on the content without prejudice
to the specific language, placement or final format. It is expected
that this document be complemented by the TC members, through further
discussions and interactions, and serves to facilitate the preparation
of the draft report that would be considered" at the next TC meeting
in Cape Town.
The "reflections" document is
basically similar to the earlier "draft outline report" prepared
by the Co-chairs for the Geneva meeting, with some
changes in the details.
The main headings of the elements in the document
are: objectives, guiding principles, scope, governance and institutional
arrangements, legal status, participation/membership, financial instruments,
operational modalities, engagement of the private sector, environmental
and social safeguards, monitoring and evaluation, accountability mechanism
and stakeholder input and participation.
There were strong initial reactions from
several TC members, both from developed and developing countries, on
critical aspects of the elements which showed a clear divergence of
views on areas such as the objectives, guiding principles, governance
and institutional arrangements, legal status and engagement of the private
sector. (Further details will be in a forthcoming article).
According to the roadmap, the Co-chairs,
Vice-chairs and the Co-facilitators (comprising a group of 12 persons)
will prepare an initial draft report by 23 September, based on the discussions
held at the Geneva meeting and submissions
From 23 September to 5 October, the group
of 12 persons "will consult all TC members, individually or in
groups, on elements of the draft. The draft will reflect the outcome
of these consultations."
The draft report will then be circulated
on 7 October for consideration at the fourth TC meeting.
At the fourth meeting in Cape Town from 16-17 October (with an informal
working dinner for TC members on 15 October), the draft report will
be considered for adoption.
The Co-chair of the current meeting, Mr. Trevor
Manuel from South Africa (who co-chaired the Geneva meeting with Mr. Ketjil Lund from Norway)
described the process as "putting members in a pressure cooker"
so that the final meeting will have a document for members to consider.
Ms. Bernarditas Mueller from the Philippines, in
response to the roadmap, stressed the need for a transparent and inclusive
process to ensure the participation of TC members in the development
of any text of the report.
She said that the co-facilitators had an
important role to play in ensuring this. Referring to the joint submission
by 13 countries on the design of the GCF, she said that it covered all
aspects of the elements and hoped that the Co-chairs, Vice-chairs and
Co-facilitators would produce a balanced document, reflecting all the
Mr. Jorge Ferrer of Nicaragua
expressed concerns over how the process was going to incorporate the
views of 40 TC members. He was also worried about the duration of the
final meeting (which was only set for two days), as the draft report
will have serious legal implications.
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