TWN Info Service on Climate Change (July10/03)
to carbon space central, say BASIC Ministers
Geneva, 27 Jul (Meena Raman) -- Ministers from the BASIC Group of countries, in a joint statement at their fourth meeting in Rio de Janeiro from 25-26 July, emphasized the issue of equitable access to carbon space as a central element in the building of a balanced and comprehensive outcome for the climate change negotiations.
The BASIC Group is
According to the joint statement, Ministers said that "a global goal for emission reductions should be preceded by the definition of a paradigm for equitable burden sharing."
"They emphasized that equitable access to carbon space must be considered in the context of sustainable development, the right to which is at the heart of the climate change regime, and which demands the implementation of ambitious financing, technological support and capacity building," said the statement further.
The Ministers also agreed that fast-start finance will be key for an effective result in the climate change negotiations in Cancun (in December 2010) and expressed their concern over the lack of operational guidelines for the provision of such resources.
The Ministers also
said in the joint statement that such financing should be new and additional,
as well as provided as grants and on a concessional basis, respecting
the definitions of the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate
Change (UNFCCC) and the understandings achieved in
The Ministers also emphasized that work on the MRV (measurement, reporting and verification) of international support must advance urgently, including through the development of common procedures for the reporting of finance.
Ministers who were present in the Rio meeting were Ambassador Antonio de Aguiar Patriota, Acting Minister of External Relations of Brazil, Ms. Izabella Teixeira, Minister for Environment of Brazil, Mr. Xie Zhenhua, Vice Chairman of the National Development and Reform Commission of China, Mr. Jairam Ramesh, Minister of State (Independent Charge), Environment and Forests of India, and Ms. Buyelwa Sonjica, Minister of Water and Environmental Affairs of South Africa.
Also present was Special Envoy of Venezuela for Climate Change, Ms. Claudia Salerno Caldera, who attended as an observer.
The joint statement said that Ministers "underscored their support for the aspirational objective of keeping global temperature increase below 2 degrees Celsius with regard to pre-industrial levels, bearing in mind that social and economic development and poverty eradication are the first and overriding priorities of developing countries."
According to the joint
statement, "Following the guidance defined by Ministers at their
"Ministers emphasized the issue of equitable access to carbon space as a central element in the building of a balanced and comprehensive outcome for the climate change negotiations."
The statement also said that Ministers "noted the distinction between MRV of emission reduction commitments by developed countries, which is related to compliance and comparability, and MRV of nationally appropriate mitigation actions (NAMAs) by developing countries, which is related to transparency."
They "underscored that only supported NAMAs should be subject to international MRV, in conjunction with the MRV of international support, while non-supported NAMAs will apply a domestic MRV."
"International consultations and analysis of information regarding non-supported actions would be useful to enhance transparency, through a multilateral technical exchange under the UNFCCC," said the statement further.
The joint statement said that Ministers "reiterated the importance of the two-pronged approach, which envisages, on one hand, an ambitious and comprehensive outcome for the negotiations under both the Ad-Hoc Working Group on Long-Term Cooperative Action under the UNFCCC and the Ad-Hoc Working Group on Further Commitments by Annex I Parties under the Kyoto Protocol, and, on the other hand, considers the elements for an equitable and balanced outcome in Cancun, covering, for example, different initiatives which could be supported by fast-start finance."
They also stressed "the need for detailed and comprehensive information on fast start financing flows provided by developed countries, to be made available officially. They also indicated the need for fast start financing to cover, in a balanced way, all the pillars of the Bali Action Plan, including adaptation and technology development and transfer."
to the joint statement, "reaffirmed their support for the G77 and
"In this sense, they stressed the importance that the work of the UN Secretary-General's High-level Advisory Group on Climate Change Financing fulfill the expectations of developing countries and be in accordance with the principles of the UNFCCC," added the statement further.
The Ministers also
"emphasized the importance of the unity of the Group of 77 and
The Ministers also
agreed to broaden consultations with other groups of countries, with
a view to actively contribute to a successful and ambitious outcome
the offer of
"A meeting of experts would be held alongside this Ministerial meeting, in order to take forward the discussions on equitable access to carbon space and also address issues related to trade policy and climate change," said the statement further.+